Acanthobrama telavivensis

Goren, Fishelson & Trewavas, 1973

Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Genus: Acanthobrama

Environment: Freshwater; benthopelagic
Climate: Subtropical

Description: D II-III, 7-8; A III, 11-14; V 8(7); P 15(16); LL 51-59 (lateral line scales to hypural fold); TR 11½-14½/5½-7½; GR 8-10; pharyngeal teeth 5-5; vertebrae 32-34. Body compressed, dorsal fin inserted behind the origin of pelvic fins. Mouth subterminal, lower jaw at an angle of 25-40° to the horizontal. Gill rakers short (2-3) + (0-1) + (8-11) on the anterior arch. Scales small. Colour, silvery body with a dark lateral band. Maximum length 12.0 cm TL .

Distribution: Eurasia. Tigris-Euphrates, Aleppo and Orontes water systems as well as in most waters of Israel.

Habitat: Acanthobrama telavivensis is found in warm ponds and slow-moving rivers in very dense populations. The character of the habitat and the way the fish appear in it is very similar to that of Pseudophoxinus zeregi (Heckel) in the Golan Heights. Recently, as a result of water pollution, A. telavivensis has been almost completely annihilated; only the populations at Rosh Ha’Ayin and N. Tut have survived. Feeds on plant material and small animals.